Type 2 diabetes symptoms begin with insulin resistance. You could move from prediabetes to full blown type 2 diabetes and not be aware of it. Your first warning is insulin resistance.
Our insulin resistance is what makes us different from type 1 diabetics.
In type 1 diabetes the insulin factories, called beta cells, in the pancreas have been attacked by autoimmune disease or destroyed by illness or trauma.
Nothing is there to carry sugar into the cells. Without insulin, cells starve to death. Before insulin injections, there was no help for type 1 diabetes.
With insulin resistance, you may go on happily eating processed foods and ignoring the slow weight gain around the waist, the increased thirst and waking up in the middle of the night to go to the bathroom.
Type 2 diabetes symptoms caused by insulin resistance have arrived, but you still feel pretty good. What you do not know is that your sugar levels are rising.
Your cells have begun to resist insulin's help, and the glucose they should have used stays in your blood. This glucose and insulin begin to circulate in your bloodstream, causing high blood sugar and inflammation.
Other things are going wrong too. The unused insulin is doing what it was designed for. It is building stores of fat.
Meanwhile your muscles and brain are not working well, and you start feeling tired. You have less energy but you do not know why.
Now the high amount of sugar inside your blood is starting to damage the blood vessels. Sugar molecules are sticky so they can ride along on the red blood cells.
But more and more of them are sticking, and everywhere they go
they cause problems. So your body tries to get rid of them.
They ride through the liver and get filtered into the kidneys and out in urine, taking some of your body's water with them as you try to flush the sugar out.
That is why excessive urination and thirst are type 2 diabetes symptoms to watch for. Thousands of years ago diabetes was called the sweet urine disease.
The word diabetes literally means 'siphon' because your body is siphoning out its own water as it tries to dump the excess glucose.
You can ignore this sneaky disease, refusing to believe you have type 2 diabetes symptoms. It is easy to do. But look at what could happen.
was discovered, this was what every diabetic had to face: blindness, amputation, coma and early death. Even today the majority of amputations in the U.S. are from complications of diabetes.
But those conditions come after years and years of type 2 diabetes and uncontrolled high blood sugar.
At first you might only have numbness in your toes and fingertips. Then come painful and over sensitive feet or eye problems like macular edema and retinopathy. Later there are wounds that will not heal, heart damage and strokes.
Do you suspect insulin resistance? Do not wait around.
If either of your parents are diabetic, get your blood sugar tested. If you start feeling tired and craving juice and going to the bathroom more than before, get your blood sugar tested.
If you're in one of the ethnic groups that are at high risk, get your blood sugar tested.
If you have the four symptoms that make up the metabolic syndrome, get your blood sugar tested. If you are over 45 years old, get your blood sugar tested.
A simple fingerstick blood test is simple, and easily done in a doctor's office. You just need to fast for at least 8 hours before the fingerstick.
But the most sensitive and accurate test is the glucose tolerance test. If you are prediabetic it will tell you, and you can begin doing the things that have been proven to halt and even reverse type 2 diabetes.
If you do not ignore insulin resistance, you might dodge all the type 2 diabetes
symptoms. All you need to do is know your blood sugar and know how to lower it.
Finding that you have type 2 diabetes will change your life, but it does not have to be the final chapter. Whatever caused you to become diabetic, there are things you can do about it today.
Many of us have gone through depression after being diagnosed with type 2 diabetes. Do not let this side-track you.
You can find a way through. I hope some of the things you read on these pages will give you the tools to fight back.
"No one is useless in this world who lightens the burden of it to anyone else." - Charles Dickens
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